Called to Account
Harken now ye heroes
hear my verse-borne wave-horse 
Speak of saga spinner
spruce-tall  Toki Redbeard
Famed his words he follows
footsteps of great Bragi 
This spruce has drunk deeply
dew of Kvasir’s slaying
Once he wolves did gladden,
won purse-snow  in spear-clash 
Now verse earns his arm-fire, 
allies paid with word-fame
Hammer hurler’s name-friend 
heard his flight-swift lip-streams 
Most sail but sole verse-ships 
sallies he armadas
Well this learned worthy
wished to share his knowledge
Give the greenest saplings
gifts of Odin’s wisdom
Stole him streams of malt-surf 
from stern Suttungr’s cauldrons 
Brought this bear-prize liquid
boundless gifts to wordsmiths
Settlement was sought for
suit was pressed by leaf-crowned 
Against the gold-harming 
gleaming tyger wardens 
Sternly stood the forest
stately sun’s bough-holders 
Word spear-clash  they spared not
‘till spruce stood among them
Gentle East-elm Anna
and awe-giving Brion
Granted gold-voiced Freya 
great settlement that day
Called to account for word-fame
came the spruce of dwarf-mead 
Kingly question asked then
keen we heard his answer
©2007 Dan Marsh
- Wave-horse is a ship, being borne on verse makes it a poem.
- People are often equated with trees in Norse Poetry. Spruce are men.
- Bragi is the god of poetry, and may well have been a real 9th century poet.
- Kvasir was a being created by the gods who was slain by dwarves. They mixed his blood with honey and made the mead of poetry.
- One gladdens wolves by killing people in battle.
- Thor’s namesake, i.e. King Thorsson (Thorvald Halvorsson)
- Poetry fast as arrows
- Poems, just as ref 1
- Suttungr obtained the Mead of Poetry from the dwarves as a death-price for his brother. Odin then stole it from him, and brought poetry into the world.
- A Laurel, specifically Fiana, Toki’s Laurel, who is pressing the suit.
- Those who harm gold do not like it, and are therefore giving it away, i.e. generous
- The tyger is the symbol of the East. This therefore refers to the monarchs.
- A “word battle,” a lawsuit.
- A goddess stands for a woman in Norse Kennings, this refers to Fiana.
- Poetry, so a “spruce of dwarf mead” would be a poet.